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2255 N. Loop 336 West, Suite D • Conroe, TX 77304

Orthodontic Terms

  • Archwire

    A metal wire which is inserted into the brackets that move the teeth into the desired position.

  • Band

    Bands are metal tooth rings that go around the back molars and serve as anchors for the braces. They have hooks on them so that elastics can be worn.

  • Banding

    The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.

  • Bonding

    The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

  • Bracket

    Brackets are the small metal or ceramic modules that are attached to each tooth. They serve as guides to move the teeth and hold the archwire in place.

  • Cephalometric X-ray

    An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly within the jaws.

  • Ceramic Brackets

    Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

  • Crowding

    Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

  • Debanding

    The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

  • Debonding

    The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

  • Elastic (Rubber Band)

    A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide gentle, continuous pressure to move your teeth and/or jaws to their new positions. We offer regular or neon colors.

  • Emergencies

    Emergencies do not occur very often, but if they do, our team will respond quickly.

  • Extractions

    Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

  • Gingiva

    The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

  • Headgear

    Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

  • Imaging

    The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.

  • Impressions

    The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

  • Interceptive Treatment

    Orthodontic treatment that is usually done between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive or early orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.

  • Interproximal Reduction (IPR)

    Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

  • Lingual

    Adjacent to the tongue.

  • Maxillary

    Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.

  • Oral Hygiene

    Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

  • Orthodontic Adjustment

    An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.

  • Orthodontic Photographs

    Pictures taken upon the completion of treatment show the amazing changes that orthodontics have achieved in both growth and development of the teeth, jaws and aesthetics of the smile. The orthodontist uses the pictures throughout treatment to monitor changes.

  • Orthodontic Records

    These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

  • Orthodontist

    A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

  • Orthognathic Surgery

    Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.

  • Overbite

    Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.

  • Panoramic X-ray

    An X-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws, and other important information.

  • Radiograph

    A permanent image, performed digitally in our office, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

  • Retainer

    An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed. The retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, and others are bonded to the teeth.

  • Retention

    The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

  • Straight Wire Appliance

    A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.

  • Surgery

    Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.

  • Two-Phase Treatment

    Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.

  • Wax

    A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed. Wax works best when the irritating area is dried well first and then, embedded totally within the pea-sized or grape-sized ball of wax.

  • Archwire


    A metal wire which is inserted into the brackets that move the teeth into the desired position.

    Band


    Bands are metal tooth rings that go around the back molars and serve as anchors for the braces. They have hooks on them so that elastics can be worn.

    Banding


    The process of fitting and cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth.

    Bonding


    The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

    Bracket


    Brackets are the small metal or ceramic modules that are attached to each tooth. They serve as guides to move the teeth and hold the archwire in place.

    Cephalometric X-ray


    An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly within the jaws.

    Ceramic Brackets


    Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

    Crowding


    Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

    Debanding


    The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

    Debonding


    The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

    Elastic (Rubber Band)


    A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide gentle, continuous pressure to move your teeth and/or jaws to their new positions. We offer regular or neon colors.

    Emergencies


    Emergencies do not occur very often, but if they do, our team will respond quickly.

    Extractions


    Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

    Gingiva


    The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

    Headgear


    Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

    Imaging


    The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.

    Impressions


    The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

    Interceptive Treatment


    Orthodontic treatment that is usually done between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive or early orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.

    Interproximal Reduction (IPR)


    Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

    Lingual


    Adjacent to the tongue.

    Maxillary


    Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.

    Oral Hygiene


    Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

    Orthodontic Adjustment


    An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.

    Orthodontic Photographs


    Pictures taken upon the completion of treatment show the amazing changes that orthodontics have achieved in both growth and development of the teeth, jaws and aesthetics of the smile. The orthodontist uses the pictures throughout treatment to monitor changes.

    Orthodontic Records


    These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

    Orthodontist


    A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

    Orthognathic Surgery


    Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.

    Overbite


    Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.

    Panoramic X-ray


    An X-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws, and other important information.

    Radiograph


    A permanent image, performed digitally in our office, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

    Retainer


    An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed. The retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, and others are bonded to the teeth.

    Retention


    The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

    Straight Wire Appliance


    A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.

    Surgery


    Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.

    Two-Phase Treatment


    Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.

    Wax


    A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed. Wax works best when the irritating area is dried well first and then, embedded totally within the pea-sized or grape-sized ball of wax.

    Find Us

    2255 N. Loop 336 West, Suite D • Conroe, TX 77304

    p. 936.756.1951